Coffee Varieties, Origin, and Where Does It Come From
Getting a cup of coffee most mornings before you start your day has become your daily routine and for many other people in the whole world.
There are a ton of varieties when it comes to coffee and the demand is increasing every year, coffee has been brewed continuously all over the world and has increased the import and export rate of a country, but where does it actually come from?
Where Does Coffee Actually Come From?
You might just get the coffee ready from the coffee shop because they’re simply there, but did you ever wonder where do they actually come from? How about the process from the coffee plant itself to the cup? Do you have any idea that the land where the coffee is planted has a role in how the coffee might actually taste? Say, the chemistry of the soil, the weather during the plantation whether it’s sunny or raining, the altitude of where the coffee is being planted? Yes people, get ready.
Take an example, the Arabica coffee takes the biggest part in the market for over 70 percent of the world’s coffee supply and it will grow even better at higher altitudes with rich soil. On the other hand, Robusta coffee could rise in colder temperature with lower altitude.
There are numerous countries in this world which grow coffee, plant coffee, and supply coffee beans to different countries.
The top country which produces the most coffee in Brazil, according to the World Atlas, Brazil has 2.59 million metric tons of beans that contributed to the market. The second one would be Vietnam with 1.65 million metric tons and Colombia follows with 810,000 metric tons, then Indonesia with 660,000 metric tons
Here is the list of countries which produce the highest coffee beans in order:
- Brazil with 2.59 million metric tons of beans
- Vietnam with 1.65 million metric tons
- Indonesia with 660,000 metric tons
- Ethiopia with 384,000 metric tons
The other countries that make it to the top 10 are Honduras, India, Uganda, and Guatemala. In the United States, Hawaii also contributed to the demand for the coffee supply.
Climate Change and Coffee
People are continuously consuming coffee, the demand is getting higher and coffee beans production is currently threatened by global warming. Not to mention, coffee is not a plant that could simply grow anywhere. The taste of your morning coffee is also affected by the weather and the chemistry of the soil where the coffee is planted. Finding good and well-planted coffee is quite a challenge now because of climate change.
Masataka Nakano from Japan, the manager of Key Coffee Inc. said, “The threat from climate change is real on our farm as the difference between the rainy and dry season is becoming unclear, and the amount of rain is getting unstable, our crops are vulnerable to damage.”
It has been predicted by the National Academy of Sciences that in Latin America, coffee production could increase up to 88 percent in 2050 for it has the most suitable geography to grow coffee.