The first to trade coffee, the Arabs were so protective of their coffee that they boiled the beans so that no one else could cultivate them. However, in the early 1600s, a Sufi smuggled seeds from Yemen to India and a Dutch trader
smuggled seedlings from Yemen and planted them in Amsterdam. By the end of the 17th century, coffee had been planted in the Dutch colonies, particularly throughout Indonesia.
Read more about Indonesia coffee : Why most people called coffee as “Java”
Right now, there are some popular coffee beans in Indonesia :
The Gayo coffee has got the same name with the mountain area where this coffee first planted. These Indonesian coffee beans, that are grown on the highland of the Central Aceh region, has a distinctive flavour and a fine taste. It’s not too bitter and not too strong, due to its perfect taste, the Gayo coffee gets Fair Trade Certified from International Organization of Fair Trade in 2010. Not just that, the Gayo coffee is also nominated as the best coffee in the world at International Conference on Coffee Science. Additionally, the Gayo coffee became the most expensive coffee at a coffee exhibition that held by Specialty Coffee Association of America. For the time being, US and Europe nations are the main export destination of this coffee. Gayo coffee mostly tastes like chocolate and earthy depending on how the coffee beans are roasted, but its natural taste would mostly show all of the time.
This coffee has big size beans and a very strong body. The taste isn’t too bitter. The Kintamani coffee has two main notes, flower and lemon. The lemon and flower notes contribute to the uniqueness flavour of this coffee. The Indonesian coffee beans, that are planted in the mountain range of Kintamani in Bali Island, has an enormous production, approximately 2000-3000 tons annually. In the plantation, the Kintamani coffee beans are irrigated with the traditional technique of irrigation called Subak. The main export destination of this coffee is Japan, Australian and Arab.
The island of Flores is also producing good quality Indonesian coffee beans. The coffee beans from its island are called Bajawa coffee. The Bajawa coffee has a low level of acidity and quite strong body. The main flavours of this coffee are chocolate, vanilla and caramel. These Indonesian coffee beans are grown in Bajawa highland, the mountain range in Flores. The product of Bajawa coffee are exported to the US.
The main variety of Java coffee is originally Arabica and Robusta. In the Central Java, the coffee beans are dominated by Arabica while in East Java majority of the coffee beans are Robusta. There are various coffee plantations in Java Island which produce the high-quality Indonesian coffee beans, like Jampit, Belawan and Kayu Mas. The characteristics of this coffee are medium acid, quite viscous, and aromatic kind of tea-like and earthy.
The main different between Toraja coffee and others Indonesian coffee beans is this coffee doesn’t leave a sour taste in the mouth and the acidity taste doesn’t leave any acid feeling to your tongue since the first gulp. The flavour of Toraja coffee basically same with another Sulawesi coffee like Kalosi, such as low acidity with woody and slightly earthy notes. These distinctive flavours are caused by the traditional technique which is utilized by farmers to pick up the beans.
Once in a life time, you need to try all the taste of Indonesian coffee beans. It’ll give you a whole new and awesome experience of drinking coffee.
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